Originated in New Jersey in 1817; recommended early on as a good American cider apple; often mixed with Harrison Crab to make the perfect blend This rich, sweet apple with white, firm flesh is also good fresh and keeps through the winter. Medium to large fruit is yellow blushed and striped with red. A good, rare variety to grow in Colorado for cider lovers and heritage fruit connoisseurs, alike.
Choose rootstock type depending on availability:
Malus domestica Standard sized seedling rootstock. This is what trees were historically grafted on. These will be large trees that will grow for a century or more due to their cold hardiness and drought tolerance. Plant 25 feet or more apart.
M111 Semi Dwarf rootstock. 3/4 size of standard. A good compromise if you want a slightly smaller tree. Plant 15 feet or more apart.
M7 Semi Dwarf, Smaller than M111. Probably not as long lived, but produces sooner. Longer lived than M26. Plant 12 feet or more apart.
M26 Dwarf, Short lived (a few decades), fast producing, needs staked, not drought tolerant or as cold hardy, plant as close to 1-2 feet apart.